A short description of the fungal collections in the herbarium of the Ghent University (GENT), partim Mycology
The fungus herbarium of GENT (Belgium) comprises approximately 35,000 specimens. Historical collections consist of some ‘published herbaria’ of cryptogams of Belgium and Northern France:
• Desmazières J.B.H.J., Plantes cryptogames [du Nord] de la France, nrs. 1-2200 [fasc. 1-44 (1825-1851);
• Desmazières J.B.H.J., Plantes cryptogames de France, éd. 2, sér. 2, nrs. 1-800 [fasc. 1-16 (1853-1861);
• Libert M.A., Plantae Cryptogamae, quas in Arduenna collegit, nrs. 1-400 [fasc. 1-4 (1830-1837)];
• Westendorp G.D., Herbier cryptogamique ou collection des plantes cryptogames et agames qui croissent en Belgique, nrs. 1-1400 [fasc. 1-28 (1845-1859), 2 copies] as well as the material, unfortunately only partly preserved, that formed the base of 2 historical local floras;
• Kickx Jean f. (1835) Flore cryptogamique des environs de Louvain, ou description des plantes cryptogames et agames qui croissent dans le Brabant et dans une partie de la province d'Anvers. Bruxelles, Vandooren;
• Kickx Jean Jacques (1867) Flore cryptogamique des Flandres. Oeuvre posthume de Jean Kickx. II. Gand, Librairie Générale.
Other old collections were made by Prof. Van Bambeke C. (1829-1918, mainly local gasteromycetes and aphyllophorales s.l. ) and Prof. Verplancke J.P.J. (1898-1964, mainly plant pathogens of both wild and locally cultivated plants).
More recently, collections of macrofungi and myxomycetes of Belgium were built up by both staff members and local amateur mycologists. Microfungi on Phragmites australis were intensively collected. An active collecting program in Papua New Guinea carried out in the nineties concentrated on polypores and Xylariaceae. Collecting was also done in Central Africa, Zimbabwe, Malaysia and Thailand. At present, emphasis is made on the study of the ectomycorrizal genera Lactarius, Lactifluus, Russula and Multifurca (world-wide).